Dental veneers are one of the most popular treatments in the field of Dental Aesthetics for their ability to solve functional problems while improving and renewing the smile with a perfect finish. We tell you all about the types of dental veneers that exist, their use and the materials available on the market so that you can get to know in depth this innovative method that has revolutionized cosmetic dentistry.
What are dental veneers for?
Dental veneers consist of thin sheets, made of ceramic or composite, that cover the outer face of the tooth. They are often placed on the buccal aspect of the incisors and canines, the most visible teeth , to immediately improve the smile.
However, their mission is twofold : dental veneers solve functional and aesthetic problems in a single treatment . They solve defects that may damage the surface of the tooth (such as fractures or alterations in tooth color and shape) while providing a healthy, harmonious and beautiful smile with a very natural finish.
The key to making this treatment so effective in beautifying the smile and correcting small functional pathologies of the dental surface (broken, crooked, separated, irregular, worn or stained teeth) lies in its high degree of customization : each One of these sheets are created exclusively for each patient, always looking for a perfect fit. In addition to the customization and adaptability of the treatment, another of the strengths of dental veneers is in the great capacity of the materials it uses, porcelain and composite, to imitate the natural enamel of teeth, making the new smile look totally natural.
All this means that dental veneers can become an alternative to orthodontics in cases in which the patient seeks, above all, an aesthetic improvement without needing a deeper corrective treatment. They are also an extraordinary option to restore the smile after endodontics : when the patient needs to restore the whiteness of their dentition by replacing calcified or darkened teeth.
Another reason for the popularity of dental veneer treatment is its long half-life, although, here, the material that composes them will make a difference. Composite dental veneers are the least durable and generally do not exceed 5 years . The resistance of porcelain makes this the longest- lasting option : porcelain dental veneers have a half-life of 10 to 15 years in two of their most common commercial presentations.
However, the material of which the veneers are composed is not the only determining element in the duration of the treatment: the collaboration of the patient with the maintenance of proper oral hygiene is decisive to ensure the duration and good condition of the veneers.
The care required by dental veneers is, in this sense, equivalent to that of natural dentition: complete oral hygiene with deep brushing after each meal, accompanied by dental floss and mouthwash. In addition, if we have opted for the use of composite veneers, it is important that we bear in mind that we must avoid the consumption of certain beverages , such as red wine, tea, coffee or cola, which contribute to coloring. of the plates, alternating their appearance with the passage of time.
If we follow all these steps, we can guarantee the longevity of our dental veneers because, in addition, they are high-strength sheets that rarely fracture. Should this happen, both materials, composite and porcelain, are easily replaceable, without long waiting times for the patient.
Porcelain or composite veneers?
Although we have already pointed out some of the differences between both materials
Composite dental veneers
Composite dental veneers are manufactured directly on the tooth and their material favors a very quick and easy placement . Although they are less durable and resistant than porcelain veneers, their use is recommended when the correction is very slight and you want to avoid contouring of the tooth and also in very young patients (who want a provisional treatment, comfortable in its removal in the future and easy to replace with porcelain veneers, if applicable).
Or in very bruxist patients, since due to their parafunctional habit of clenching or grinding the teeth they can fracture the veneers, the composite veneers allow us to immediately restore the small fracture, without having to remove the veneer completely by doing one again and save have to send to the lab to make one again
The aesthetic appearance they facilitate and their ability to correct small flaws (such as tooth separation problems) is good. In addition, one of the great advantages of composite dental veneers is their price: the most competitive on the market.
Porcelain dental veneers
Porcelain veneers are undoubtedly the ones that offer the highest quality: they are the most durable and highly customizable, they manage to perfectly recreate the characteristics of the patient’s dentition.
The secret of its high resistance is found in the injected porcelain with which these veneers are made, which, with a thickness of between 0.3 and 1 millimeters, manage to make the desired aesthetic changes without the need to file the teeth.
Therefore, they are not very invasive and allow the tooth position, shape, direction, and size to be modified at will with great aesthetic results since the hardness, appearance, shape, size, color, and resistance of porcelain is very similar to that of porcelain. natural teeth.